Cannabis distillate is a newer technique for distilling cannabinoids from plant material to produce a concentrate. Cannabis Distillate, often known as “the pure,” is the result of this production process, which essentially produces a cannabis extract with an extremely high purity level.
Cannabis distillation is being promoted as the next step in cannabis research, with fans touting it as the future of extract production. Because the method may generate a tasteless, odorless, and entirely pure THC concentrate, Cannabis Distillation has increased in popularity. These extracts have a lot of medical and recreational applications.
Because Cannabis Distillate lacks flavor, taste, or aroma, it may be consumed in almost any form. Cannabis Distillate is an extremely potent component in many edibles and vape cartridges because it is very concentrated. It’s also available as THC oil and CBD oil for medical purposes.
Cannabis distillation is a far superior technique for making high-THC and high-CBD concentrates than other cannabinoid processes. Although it has certain flaws, cannabis distillation will revolutionize the way we consume cannabis products.
There are two primary ways to make concentrates from cannabis cannabinoids.
Wax and Shatter Method
The wax and shatter technique is a chemical method for extracting cannabis plant components. When using solvents during the production process, shatter and wax are generated.
Using the wax and shatter method has a couple of drawbacks:
- The solvents leave residue in the cannabinoid concentrate.
- This process is very flammable and dangerous.
- Destroys the plant tissue.
The Hash technique is a physical technique for extracting cannabis concentrates without the use of solvents. The concentrate is created by separating plant components using rosin or sieving.
Cannabis Distillation differs from other concentrates in that it employs a novel method. Cannabis Distillation separates and purifies the molecules differently than wax, shatter, or hash do. Extraction, winterization, decarboxylation, and distillation are all required processes.
The distillation process begins with the removal of chlorophyll and plant material from the cannabinoids using heat. The distillation cooling system gathers pure cannabinoid vapor, leaving a clean, solvent-free, concentrated liquid.
After the crude extract has been extracted, it is winterized to remove waxes, fats, lipids, and chlorophyll from the extract. The clean extract is then combined with ethanol in a cold chamber for one to two days.
When the temperature is low, impurities solidify and fall to the bottom of the container. The crude extract then goes through a filtering process to remove the ethanol, restoring it to its purest form.
The decarboxylation process, which involves heating the extract to activate the cannabinoids and remove the carboxylic acid from the cannabinoid chemical compound, is necessary. This step raises the extract’s temperature in order to activate the cannabinoids and remove the carboxylic acid from the cannabinoid chemical molecule. The THC concentrate and CBD concentrate can then combine with nerve system receptors to give therapeutic and recreational benefits by binding to them.
A vacuum is created in the distillation chamber and heated to a specific temperature, which allows cannabinoids and terpenes to separate. The separation doesn’t happen until the process reaches a boiling point. For extraction, THC and CBD have distinct boiling points.
The finished extracts are now ready to use. Although the concentrate may go through one more process to remove any traces of THC from the extract for CBD extracts, this is not necessary. Broad Spectrum CBD extracts are those that have gone through this procedure.
Cannabis distillation: a borrowed technology
A cannabis plant’s fully developed form is known to include hundreds of individual cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that interact with our endocannabinoid systems in unique ways. These compounds exchange information with one another via what is known as “the entourage effect” to provide us the experiences we want.
Cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are extracted from the vegetative material of the cannabis plant through various extraction techniques when it comes to creating cannabis concentrates. To distill these compounds into their purest form, additional levels of purification are required. This technique is referred to as “fractional” or “short path distillation,” and it is known to produce single-compound oils with purity rates up to 99%.
Short path distillation
Fractionation and short path distillation have been used for a long time. In fact, these well-known techniques have been utilized in many different industries for many years. Cannabis processors have implemented many of the same fundamental refining processes seen overlapping in today’s cannabis distillate manufacturing industry to produce fragrance, essential oil, and cooking oil distillates.
The term “short path distillation” refers to a method for separating components using alcohol and hyper-controlled temperature. It’s also known as flash distillation because the distillate travels a short distance, usually from one flask to another. The hot flask extracts the vapor and converts it to liquid form. The process is then repeated using a condensing tube to collect the subsequent vapors and fractionate them into fractionating tubing, which then leads to a condenser tube. Short path distillation is ideal for making high-THC and CBD concentrates because it minimizes compound loss during extraction by eliminating as many of the original components as possible.
How cannabis compounds are isolated to create distillates
There are several stages of refinement that must be completed in order to filter out chemicals like THC and make an oil that is pure and thick. Because THC, as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes, are volatile and have different boiling points, they must be removed from the cannabis plant using hydrocarbon or CO2 solvent-based extraction processes. The solvent boils off all of the precious and flammable components from the plant, while many fats, lipids, and other compounds remain. This calls for a second refinement through a method known as winterization, in which a solvent such as ethanol is used to eliminate these unwanted chemicals.
Isolation, unlike decarboxylation, entails heating isolated cannabinoids to activate their medicinal value. Finally, the material is subjected to a series of numerous passes in a steam distillation or rational distillation chamber to purify the wanted compound (typically THC or CBD) to its pure state.
RSO vs. distillate
The difference between RSO, or Rick Simpson Oil, and distillate is frequently misunderstood by customers. RSO is a concentrated type of cannabis oil created by Canadian engineer-turned medical marijuana patient and advocate Rick Simpson. RSO is considered to be a more “raw” form of concentrate since it retains more plant matter than distillate, which removes some of it during the extraction procedure. It’s a simpler DIY technique that generates a highly potent final product in contrast to distillate.