BHO has been around for a while. These days, it is becoming much easier to find. Maybe you’re wondering, “Should I try BHO?” Before you do, it’s important to know what BHO is and how to safely consume this THC extract.
Wondering whether you can cook with cannabis concentrates? Well, you definitely can. Read on for a quick description of how to use potent extracts to infuse your favourite dishes.
Cooking with cannabis is full of possibilities. As you probably know, the most common way to cook with cannabis is by using oil or butter previously infused with dried buds. But did you know that you can also cook with cannabis concentrates? Read on to learn how.
What is BHO?
BHO stands for butane hash oil. It is a super potent form of cannabis concentrate. It is commonly referred to as butane honey oil. This is due to its unique yellowish-gold, honey-like color.
Before we get into how BHO is made, it’s important to know that this concentrate is not something that you should try making at home. In 2014 alone, there were over 32 home explosions reported in the state of Colorado as a result of BHO extraction. This process is highly volatile and can result in serious injury and even death.
How to Make Butane Hash Oil:
The safest way to extract Butane Hash Oil is done commercially in a closed-loop system. This process involves inserting cannabis into a tube and rinsing it with a solvent. For BHO, that solvent is butane. As the butane washes over the cannabis plant material, it takes the THC along with it. What you’re left with is a cannabis oil or wax that is very rich with THC and sopping with butane.
In order to rid the wax/oil of butane, commercial extractors apply heat and pressure to the concentrate. This is a very important step in the process. If all of the butane isn’t removed, the consumer will wind up inhaling it directly. That’s why it’s a good idea to buy your BHO from a trusted source. It is worth repeating — never try to make it in your garage or basement, unless you actually want to burn down your house.
What are the different forms of this cannabis extraction?
BHO can come in several different forms, the most common being oil, wax or shatter.
When BHO is sold in oil form, it often comes already loaded into a cartridge. This is one of the easiest forms of BHO to find and vape with.
This transparent, glassy looking substance is hard and brittle — hence the name. It requires a dabbing tool for inhalation, such as a dab rig or nail.
This might be the most common way to find BHO and the easiest to work with. It can also be inhaled via dabbing rig or nail, or smoked in a joint or bowl. It’s important to make sure you’re applying a very high temperature to it in order to avoid inhaling wax granulomas.
BHO can also come in the forms of budder, pull and snap, crumble and sap. Regardless of which form you consume, all types of BHO are incredibly potent. We’re talking 70 percent and upwards. Some forms of BHO actually contain 90 percent THC.
This is why it is important to be very careful when consuming butane hash oil. This amount of THC is not for the lighthearted. If you haven’t been consuming THC regularly, you’ll want to be even more cautious. Not only can you injure your lungs, but there have been reports that such a high level of THC can cause hallucinations and severe paranoia.
Before cooking marijuana edibles with concentrates you’ll need to learn how to decarb wax (or BHO, shatter, dabs, butane honey oil). Decarboxylation is the process of gently heating your butane hash oil in order to activate the THC in a way that your body can process via ingestion. We’ll show you the best way to decarb shatter by using a low heat in your oven.
It’s very easy to learn how to decarb shatter, the secret is to heat it long enough that the chemical reaction completes but without overdoing it. If you decarb dabs too long it will degrade some THC into CBN (a cannabinoid that will make you sleepy). This may be desirable if you’re looking for a bedtime snack, but for most people who want to learn how to decarb BHO the goal is to maximize the THC content of your edibles.
How to decarb BHO
- Heat oven to 250 degrees farenheit. Place measured amount of butane hash oil on a silicone liner on an over-safe pyrex pan (or use parchment paper, as shown in the photos on this page).
- Cook in oven for approximately 25 minutes.
- Monitor the shatter to know when it’s done. When you decarb BHO, it will bubble. The decarboxlyation process releases water and carbon dioxide. Initially it will bubble large bubbles:
Then smaller bubbles:
- You don’t want to overcook the shatter or it will make you sleepy. So keep a close eye on the bubbling throughout the shatter decarb process. Poke the bubbles with a skewer to loosen them towards the end, and then watch for new bubbles to form. Remove from oven when bubbling slows to a near stop.
- Let cool for a few minutes then place the silicone mat or parchment in the freezer for a few minutes to make it easier to handle. Work quickly if you touch it with your fingers or it will melt into a sticky mess.
Why would you want to decarb shatter?
The point of decarbing shatter is that shatter is largely composed of THC-A. This is the acid form of THC, which is not psychoactive. Decarbing it returns it to its regular THC state.
HOW TO COOK WITH CANNABIS CONCENTRATES
Once you’ve decarbed your extracts, you can use them to add an extra kick to virtually any of your favourite dishes. Just remember, THC is fat soluble, so you’ll still need to use some butter, oil, or other form of cooking fat (such as ghee, for example).
We usually recommend mixing your concentrates into a small amount of butter or oil while they’re still warm from the decarboxylation process. Just make sure to give everything a good stir to ensure the concentrate mixes well with the fat.
Unlike when making cannabutter or oil, however, you can use much smaller amounts of fat, making this a great option for people who are trying to cut down on their fat consumption or reduce calories. Plus, you’ll also need much less concentrate to infuse a meal than you would flower, seeing that concentrates are much more potent.
Concluding our guide on decarbing shatter
Hopefully you have the hang of managing your shatter at home using these simple methods. Decarbed shatter is used in both edibles and in making THC vape juice.