To prepare marijuana edibles with concentrates, you’ll first need to decarboxylate the wax (or BHO, shatter, dabs, butane honey oil). The activation of cannabis in your butane hash oil through heating gently is known as decarboxylation. We’ll teach you how to decarb shatter using a low oven heat.
The process of decarbing shatter is straightforward to learn. The secret is to cook it for long enough that the chemical reaction happens, but not too much. If you cook dabs too long, some THC will degrade into CBN (a cannabinoid that makes you sleepy). This may be useful if you’re trying to fall asleep after eating edibles, however the objective in most cases is to maximize the amount of THC in your edibles.
How to decarb BHO
- Place the prepared mixture in a 250°F oven for approximately one hour, or until it reaches desired consistency. Place the measured amount of butane hash oil on a silicone liner on an over-safe Pyrex pan (or use parchment paper, as shown in the photographs on this page).
- Cook in the oven for approximately 25 minutes.
- Break off a small piece of shatter and test it. When you decarb BHO, the solution will bubble. Water is released during decarboxylation. The formation of smaller bubbles follows: Then bigger bubbles: You don’t want to overcook the shatter or you’ll fall asleep. So be sure to keep an eye on the bubbling throughout the shatter decarbox process. Near the end, poke at the bubbles with a skewer to release them, then wait for new ones to appear. Remove it from the oven when the bubbling has almost stopped streaming out of it.
- After that, spread the jam on top of the dough with a knife. The jam will set after 30 minutes to 1 hour depending on how cold it is in your area when you place it in the freezer. If you touch it with your fingers or if it warms up,
Consider the dish you’ll infuse
The first step in utilizing concentrates is to consider the end product:, say, a simple salad dressing? Instead of using RSO in its concentrated form, you might want to try a distillate.
“Any type of cannabis concentrate may be used in cooking,” according to Jay Denniston, director of science at Dixie Brands. “The many distinct varieties of concentrates with varying potency, form, taste, and fragrance might make it tough to choose the right product for an infused dish.”
“Full extract cannabis oils, such as RSO, will have a stronger botanical taste and smell than crystalline extracts,” Denniston concluded. “When a food is eaten in tiny portions, like olive oil, the cannabis extract flavor is more apparent.”
Use concentrated extracts with stronger tastes (such as RSO or full-spectrum extracts) in sweets, where the flavor can be better hidden.
Denniston also suggested opting for high-fat foods like peanut butter, olive oil, or ghee as they more easily accept concentrates for infusion.
Choose your concentrate
Concentrates derived from substances in the semi-solid to solid phases, such as live resin, terp sauce, budder, wax, and especially sugar wax, can contain large amounts of THCA.
For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term, THCA is the non-intoxicating component that transforms to THC through heat or time. Some concentrates are simpler to work with than others. Crystal isolates, for example, are frequently available as a white powder that can be readily shaped.
The main advantage of using distillate is that it has no taste, fragrance, or need for further processing. It may be added directly to the fat component of your chosen recipe without issue.
When it comes to the advantages of distillate, there’s a lot to like. It isn’t necessary to decarboxylate it, and its potency makes it very attractive. Each alternative, however, presents its own set of problems.
The disadvantage of distillate is that all other cannabinoids and desirable cannabis components have been effectively removed. Many people would argue that distillate is less medicinal with a lower effectiveness because it lacks any synergistic or “entourage effect” benefits present in full-spectrum oil.
Others, such as Brandin LaShea, chef and host of the digital cooking show Pot Pie, prefer to employ RSOs for their simplicity.
Some people choose to use specific concentrates like RSO because they can be used right away, rather than having to decarboxylate them.
Only use concentrates that have third-party lab testing. You want to be confident in what’s inside your edible.
Dosing cannabis oils for edibles
Taking things slow and low is the key to a pleasant edible experience. Taking edibles made at home, which are notoriously difficult to dose, is especially crucial.
To compute your approximate dose, you’ll need the following information:
- The weight of your concentrate (in grams)
- The potency of the concentrate (% THC or CBD)
- The number of servings the cooked dish yields (i.e. “makes a dozen cookies”)
To calculate, use this equation:
- Multiply the weight of your concentrate (in grams) by the percentage of THC (as a decimal)
- Multiply that number by 1,000 to convert grams to milligrams
- Divide that number by the number of servings your recipe yields to determine milligrams of THC per portion
For example, 0.25 grams of a concentrate with 80% THC potency, should yield about 200mg of THC: (0.25 x 0.80) x 1,000 = 200.
Then, 200mg of THC distributed throughout 8 servings provides each serving with 25mg of THC, assuming even distribution (mix well!).
Make sure you know exactly how much is optimal for you, and if you’re not sure, begin with a tiny dose (between 1-5mg) and increase gradually.
Decarboxylate your concentrate (if needed)
When it comes to cooking, be sure your concentrate is decarboxylated before starting. This transforms non-intoxicating THCA into the pleasurable THC that we all know and love.
It’s also important to note that higher temperatures are more inclined to eliminate valuable cannabinoids and other compounds, therefore decarbing low and slow is usually the best method.
It’s difficult to get your concentrates out of their containers. Ivan recommends using a lighter to melt Concentrates that have adhered to metal instruments, or putting them in the freezer until they harden and can be easily removed. Take precautions. It will become like glass if you leave it in the freezer for too long, shattering into tiny shards all over the place.
She also instructs consumers to decarb each sort of concentrate as follows:
- Desired amount of BHO
- Baking sheet
- Parchment paper
- Oven thermometer
- Preheat the oven to 200°F (93°C). Before adding BHO into the oven, make sure you use your thermometer to test the oven temperature.
- Line your baking sheet with your parchment paper.
- Place your wax, shatter, crumble, or budder on the center of the parchment-lined baking sheet.
- Place in the oven and bake for about 20-25 minutes. You will want to watch your concentrate very closely and make sure it doesn’t overcook. Once it has melted down and starts to really bubble, you know it is ready.
- Remove from oven and allow to cool slightly.
- Large stockpot
- Cooking oil (like canola oil)
- Heat proof container for RSO or CO2 oil (silicone or glass)
- Desired amount of RSO or CO2 oil
- Spoon for stirring
- Fill a stock pot about a quarter way up with cooking oil.
- Place sealed container (silicone or glass container) with RSO or CO2 oil into pot with oil.
- Began heating oil on medium-low heat.
- Heat oil to 200°F (93°C), watching very closely and checking temperature with your thermometer. Break up bubbles with a spoon.
- Once you’ve reached the temperature of 200°F, turn off the stovetop and remove pot from heat.
- After about 1-2 minutes or when the bubbles have started to mellow out, remove concentrate container from oil with tongs. You can also leave it in until the bubbles have completely stopped for a more potent oil with stronger effects.
When using decarbing concentrates, they should be warmed first to make them easier to handle while still slightly warm.
- Desired amount of kief
- Baking sheet
- Parchment paper
- Oven thermometer
- Preheat your oven to 200°F (93°C). Make sure you use your thermometer to test the oven temp before placing kief in the oven.
- Line your baking sheet with parchment paper.
- Spread kief around evenly in the center of the baking sheet.
- Bake for 15-20 minutes stirring halfway through.
- Remove from the oven and allow it to cool.
Select your infusing oil
The finest oils for infusing are those with a high saturated fat content, as these will remain stable and in a liquid state at room temperature. High-quality avocado oil is one of my favorite fats for this purpose.
Butter and animal fat are not as stable or simple to use as dairy-based butter.
MCT oil, according to Dr. Hawk, has a number of advantages. “MCT oil is a unique plant-derived oil that is made from coconut and has a high saturated fat content,” he stated. “It’s the saturated fat content that gives both fast energy and an excellent medium for cannabis concentrates because it’s rich in MCTs.” While many virgin coconut oils have a coconut flavor, MCT oil is treated to eliminate it.